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Unesco-listed world heritage sites in India- North and West

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India has the sixth largest number of Unesco heritage sites in the world, with a total of 38 sites. Take a look at them, region-wise.

NORTH

Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh

The Red Fort of Agra is the former imperial residence of the Mughal Dynasty. It was inscribed in the Unesco World Heritage List in 1982, as a cultural monument.

Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh

 

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The Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was inscribed in the Unesco World Heritage List in 1983, as a cultural monument.

Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh

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Fatehpur Sikri was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th century.

Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi

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Humayun’s Tomb, built in 1570, was the precursor monument to the Taj Mahal. It was inscribed as a Unesco World Heritage Monument in 1993 for its cultural importance.

Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi

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The tallest brick minaret, Qutb Minar and its monuments were built in the 13th century. It was listed under the Unesco for its unique representation of the Islamic architectural and artistic excellence.

Red Fort Complex, Delhi

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The Red Fort complex was built in the 17th century, and added in the revised inscription of the Unesco list.

Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh

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The Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh is a Himalaya biodiversity hotspot.

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, Chandigarh

The Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier’s numerous architectural projects have been listed under Unesco.

Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Uttarakhand

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The Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks are known for their natural beauty. It was recognised under Unesco in 1988.

WEST:

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Maharashtra

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The historic railway station in Mumbai, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is also one of the busiest railway stations in India.

Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra

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The Buddhist caves and rock-cut monuments were built from the 2nd century BC to the 6th century.

Churches and Convents of Goa, Goa

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The Churches and Convents of Goa, built by the Portuguese colonial rulers, were inscribed by Unesco under the World Heritage List in 1986 as cultural property.

Ellora Caves, Maharashtra

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The 2km-long caves are a mix of art from various religions- Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and reflect the ancient civilization of India.

Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan

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The 6,880 acre national park was listed under Unesco in 1985 as a natural property.

Elephanta Caves, Maharashtra

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In the middle of Mumbai Harbour, 9km northeast of the Gateway of India, the rock-cut temples on Elephanta Island are worth crossing the waters for.

Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat

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The Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park was listed under Unesco in 2004 as a cultural site.

The Jantar Mantar, Rajasthan

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A collection of architectural astronomical instruments, the Jantar Mantar was built by Maharaja Jai Singh II, and listed under Unesco in 2010.

Hill Forts of Rajasthan

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A series of sites located on rocky outcrops of the Aravallis in Rajasthan, are a typical representation of Rajput military hill architecture. The property consists of Chittor Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Ranthambore Fort, Gagron Fort, Amer Fort, Jaisalmer Fort.

Rani ki Vav, Gujarat

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The stepwell in Patan is popular for its size and sculpture. It got listed under Unesco in the year 2014.

Historic city of Ahmedabad, Gujarat

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The walled old city of Ahmedabad presents a rich architectural heritage from the Gujarat Sultanate period. It got recognised under Unesco in 2017.

The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, Maharashtra

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This ensemble is a collection of the Victorian Gothic buildings and Art Deco buildings, which are- the Bombay High Court, Rajabai Clock Tower, Eros Cinema and the University of Mumbai.

Jaipur

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The fortified city of Jaipur was built according to a grid plan interpreted in the light of Vedic architecture. It got listed under Unesco in 2019.

CENTRAL INDIA

Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh

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The temples of Khajuraho were recognised as a World Heritage Site, a cultural property in 1982, for the unique original artistic creation.

Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh

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These are a group of Buddhist monuments dated between 200 BC and 100 BC, listed under Unesco in 1989.

Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh

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Described by the Unesco as “a magnificent repository of rock paintings within natural rock shelters”, these shelters are a storehouse of ancient art.